Author(s): Steve Bruce
Since the start of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, working-class Protestants have used violence and terror as much as their Catholic counterparts. Yet despite being responsible for half the civilian casualties of the current conflict and having subverted numerous political initiatives, such
loyalist paramilitary organizations as the Ulster Defence Association, the Ulster Volunteer Force, and the Red Hand Commando have been little studied by scholars.
Based on extensive interviews, this is the first comprehensive study of loyalist terrorism. Exploring the history and the aims of the various groups, Professor Bruce examines claims of security force collusion with the loyalists and the use of terror to defend rather than destroy the state.
Introduction: Researching a grey world; Ulster and the first Ulster Volunteer Force; from civil rights to civil strife; vigilantes and the Ulster Defence Association; paramilitaries and politicians - the 1974 strike; the men in black; friends and relations; murdering gangsters; security forces and terrorists; terrorists and political innovation; the end of the UDA?; the nature of pro-state terrorism.